The term “fly fishing” evokes the image of a rising trout or grayling swallowing an insect drifting on the water surface. However, this often depends on hatches and presence of insects surface, while fish feed themselves with more regularity on the bottom (particularly with larvae). Euronymphing is increasingly popular as the best way to target those elusive bottom feeding fish.
We often hear about Czech nymphing, or also Polish, Spanish, etc. nymphing. While Americans talk of “Euronymphing” for any of those nymphing technique. There are as many definitions for each of those “national” subtechnic than people having tried to define them. Each national tradition is constantly evolving anyway. Just for the sake of the anecdote, let's recall the commonly accepted origins of Euronymphing Czech nymphing… The technique has in fact been popularized by Czech competitors. During the on-site preparation to a FIPS World Championship, the Czech team adapted its fishing technic based on how local fishermen were fishing there… and won the Championship. This Championship occurred… in Poland !
Therefore we rather see Euronymping asdivided in 2 main approaches :
Upstream nymphing: it is about casting a rather light nymph (in general a tungsten bead of 2 to 3 mm diameter) upstream, and to let it drift towards the fisherman, while gently pulling back the line and/or lifting up the tip of the rod, in order to be close from tensing the line, but without doing it. A small move or stop of the line will most likely correspond to a bite. The fisherman is positioned in the same axis of the fished stream and of the drift of his/her nymph(s), or nearly. Bite detection is mainly perceived by observation of the line.
Heavy nymphing: the fisherman is positioned parallel to the drift he/she wants to do. It is about casting heavier nymph (tungsten bead of more than 3 mm diameter) about three fourths upstream, to let it go deep and “catch the bottom”, and to find just the right tension of line to let the nymph “roll” on the bottom of the river, while keeping it in a same current and favouring a drift as natural as possible. It is a “under the rod tip” technic. Bite detection will be achieved by resonance of the rod and by observation of the line.
Three blanks matching different approachs: